Up to now, the KuK Kriegsmarine has been frequently mentioned. It is the primary subject of this book. Just what was it for? made up of? Ships, aircraft, men, and bases, of course. But how many of each? How were they put together? How were they trained, distributed? Of major importance, how were they led? Answers to these questions this chapter will essay.
Austria-Hungary’s overall political goals in 1914 were straightforward: defense of the monarchy and destruction of Serbia. Fleet operations necessary to this end under existing geo-political conditions would entail coastal defense, surface raids, patrol of Adriatic sea-lanes, convoy escort, and support of KuK land forces, to include conduct of amphibious operations, shore bombardment, and supply. Subsets of these could be fleet actions, blockade, U-boat and ASW warfare, and air warfare. What tools did the KuK Marine have to accomplish all this?
In the Austro-Hungarian Empire of 1914, supreme command of the military was, of course, formally vested in old Habsburg