The Case of the South
From Reconstruction on through the New Deal, no region rivaled the South in strength of attachment to the Democracy. By the 1970s, however, no section was so unsupportive of the national Democratic party. This massive shift in electoral loyalties has necessarily altered the structure of inter- and intra-party relations, contributing powerfully to the end of the New Deal party system. And at the same time, it reflects basic changes in the fabric of American politics. Because of this, and because southern electoral transformations became evident before those of comparable scope appeared elsewhere in the country, the case of the South serves as a good intellectual bridge between the New Deal system and that now groping for definition.
Various sources of the South's long-standing attachment to the Democracy have been described endlessly, and were reviewed earlier in this volume. Too often overlooked, however, is the extent to which the policy thrusts of the New Deal struck a responsive chord in Dixie. The