This chapter presents, in narrative form, the data collected in our five studies. It is a detailed description of the evolution of EH&S protection activities at five firms, as reflected in corporate, regulatory, legal and technological events and choices. So far as possible, this narrative focuses on the individual enterprises; interpretive and analytic remarks concerning the firms as a group are presented in Chapter 5.
These narratives are based on three principal types of data. First, hundreds of hours of structured interviews and informal conversations with key corporate officers, EH&S personnel, regulatory and enforcement officials, trade union representatives, national policy makers and other key actors. Second, an extensive paper trail, including corporate records and documents (many confidential), environmental impact assessment documents (Operats), permit applications, regulatory and monitoring records, orders for noncompliance fines, legal and administrative appeal documents, court decisions, national EH&S reports from governmental and other sources, memoranda from consultants and additional materials from municipal and other sources. Third, direct observations made by the research team (including senior CIOP personnel) during inspections of each of the five facilities.
The vital statistics of the three facilities studied are summarized in Table 4–1. These are medium-size enterprises, employing between 200 and 900 workers, that were privatized in the course of two years: 1994 and 1995. They are located in four different voivodships, but all are within 100 miles from Warsaw. The product lines vary widely among the firms, but they all handle materials with potential occupational and environmental hazards. At the same time these are not potentially heav-