Dynamic and charismatic leader of the Black Muslim movement, Malcolm X (born Malcolm Little) spent much of his career speaking out against the white culture and promoting black power and separation. Although he was murdered in 1965, Malcolm X’s writings and political philosophy are influential today.
Biography section under X, Malcolm
CQ Researcher, April 30, 1993.
Garraty, John A., ed. Dictionary of American Biography: Supplement Seven, 1961–1965, 1981.
Ploski, Harry A., and James Williams, eds. The Negro Almanac: A Reference Work on the African American, 1989.
Smythe, Mabel M. The Black American Reference Book, 1972.
EBSCO Magazine Article Summaries
NewsBank and other newspaper indexes
Readers’ Guide to Periodical Literature