Deregulation and Development in Indonesia

By Farrukh Iqbal; William E. James | Go to book overview

CHAPTER 11

Distributional Impact of Government Policies in the Sugar Sector

Martin P.H. Panggabean1


INTRODUCTION

In the interest of attaining self-reliance in sugar production, Indonesia, like many other countries, intervenes heavily in the sugar sector. In the regulatory environment prevailing in the 1990s, three interventions were of particular interest. One was an “area quota” policy under which farmers residing in certain areas (e.g., West Java) were required to plant a specified quota of sugarcane. Another was a trade restriction policy under which sugar could only be imported by a government agency, BULOG, and private importers were not allowed to engage in this business. A third was a marketing restriction under which BULOG was the sole designated buyer of sugar from processing mills and, in turn, appointed a small number of licensed agents to distribute the sugar to wholesale outlets. Not all policies affecting the production, marketing and consumption of sugar were in the nature of implicit taxes or restrictions, however. Sugar farmers, for example, were provided input subsidies (on fertilizer, pesticides, and credit) to offset some of the potential profit lost by having the “area quota” imposed on them. Similarly, sugar millers (many of which are state-owned enterprises to begin with) were given a price for their output by BULOG which was sufficient to cover their costs and provide a reasonable profit as well.

-143-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this book

This book has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this book

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Deregulation and Development in Indonesia
Table of contents

Table of contents

Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
/ 208

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.