Christopher Columbus lands on the island called Juana by the Amerindians, which later became Cuba.
Administrator Diego de Velaásquez arrived in Cuba and established the first settlement in Baracoa, on the easternmost part of the island. The city of San Cristoóbal de la Habana is founded.
The Spanish Crown authorizes the importation of black slaves.
Against Velaásquez’s order, conquistador Hernaán Corteés departs Havana to conquer Mexico.
La Fuerza, a fortress that stands as the oldest inhabited building in the New World, is built.
The pirate Jacques de Sores burns the city of Havana.
The first university on the island is founded by the religious order of the Dominicans in Havana.
The British land in Cuba and introduce new ideas and trade.
German-born traveler and intellectual Baron Alexander Humboldt arrives in Cuba, and his visit brings to the island European ideas and Frenchmen fleeing the French Revolution.