Housing Policy Systems in South and East Asia

By Mohammed Razali Agus; John Doling et al. | Go to book overview

7
Malaysia
Mohammed Razali Agus

Introduction

Prior to independence in 1957, the concept of public housing was known as ‘the institutional quarters’ (Agus 1989b). Under this concept, the British administration provided housing facilities for the upper class British employees who worked in public institutions such as hospitals, schools and district offices. The only programme aimed at providing housing for the Malayan people was part of the British administration strategy to weaken the support for communist insurgencies by concentrating on the resettlement of Chinese residents in the New Villages all over the country. After independence, the concept of public housing changed from merely providing housing for government officials to that of the home owning democracy, a vision for the housing of all sections of society. As one element of this, the public low cost housing programme was implemented and targeted specifically towards poor households whose incomes were below Malaysian Ringgit (RM) 300 a month. 1

The low cost housing programme was part of the general approach towards meeting housing and other social and economic needs that can be seen to be governed by a number of organising principles. A central objective of successive Malaysian governments was that of achieving rapid economic growth. Initially, this was pursued through the strategy of the development of import substitution industries that entailed the establishment of centrally located, labour intensive manufacturing industries. These required the concentration of labour in urban centres that, in turn, required the migration from rural areas and the provision of sufficient housing to meet the needs of the new urban dwellers. However, the particular economic model pursued also

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Housing Policy Systems in South and East Asia
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page *
  • Contents v
  • List of Tables viii
  • List of Figures x
  • List of Contributors xi
  • Foreword xii
  • References xvi
  • 1 - Asian Housing Policy: Similarities and Differences 1
  • Note *
  • References 18
  • 2 - Japan 20
  • Notes *
  • References *
  • 3 - Singapore 38
  • Notes *
  • References *
  • 4 - Hong Kong 60
  • Notes 80
  • References 82
  • 5 - Taiwan 84
  • Notes *
  • References *
  • 6 - Korea 104
  • References *
  • 7 - Malaysia 127
  • Note *
  • References *
  • 8 - Thailand 146
  • Note *
  • References *
  • 9 - Indonesia 161
  • References *
  • 10 - The South and East Asian Housing Policy Model 178
  • References *
  • Index 189
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