Encyclopedia of African American Business History

By Juliet E. K. Walker | Go to book overview

Chronology of Black Business History

Quincy T. Mills

1619

First Africans, who numbered 20, arrived in English Colonial America in Jamestown, Virginia. Like their English and European counterparts, who came involuntarily or as indentured servants or redemptioners, their labor was sold.

1640s

One of the first Africans in the United States, Anthony Johnson and his family secured freedom and acquired land through purchase and the headright system by paying for transportation of the indentured. The Johnsons cultivated tobacco.

1644

The Dutch granted land to the first 11 African Americans brought to their colony at New Netherlands. The land given to the black settlers included property that today lies in Brooklyn and Greenwich Village.

1665

A Maryland law stated, under which the Calvert v. Wynne et al. case was decided, ‘‘[N]oe person … shall trade, barter, commerce, or game, with slaves without the owner’s permission.’’

1670

A chair-making enterprise was established by a free African in Massachusetts.

1686

In the Carolinas, a law prohibited African Americans from engaging in any trade or business.

1736

In New England, Emanuel Manna and wife Mary Baroon, slaves who bought their freedom, opened a catering establishment in Providence, Rhode Island, and an oyster and alehouse in Providence.

1740

A South Carolina slave code reveals that slaves had escalated their trading activities.

-615-

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Encyclopedia of African American Business History
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents vii
  • Acknowledgments ix
  • A Note on Using the Encyclopedia xi
  • Introduction xiii
  • A 1
  • B 54
  • C 124
  • D 178
  • E 198
  • F 226
  • G 267
  • H 282
  • I 293
  • J 325
  • K 351
  • L 355
  • M 365
  • N 397
  • O 439
  • P 443
  • R 463
  • S 480
  • T 553
  • U 575
  • W 578
  • Chronology of Black Business History 615
  • Select Bibliography 649
  • Index 661
  • About the Editor and Contributors 715
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