Villon's Last Will: Language and Authority in the Testament

By Tony Hunt | Go to book overview

Appendix 1
Villon and the Mendicants

IN the Roman de la Rose Jean de Meun places a long discussion of mendicity in the mouth of Faux Semblant, who argues that those wanting to devote themselves entirely to prayer would be well advised to join one of the orders which has its own possessions: 'si con sunt ore cil blanc moine, ∣ cil noir et cil reglier chanoine, ∣ cil de l'Ospital, cil du Tample' (ed. Lecoy, lines 11387-9). There follows a list of categories of people who are justified in asking for alms:

se cil de Saint Amor ne ment,
qui desputer solait et lire
et preeschier ceste matire
a Paris avec les devins.
Ja ne m'eïst ne pains ne vins
s'il n'avoit en sa verité
l'acort de l'Université
et du peuple conmunement
qui ouait son preeschement. (11458-66)

As the testator of the Testament cites the case of Jean de Poullieu, an opponent of the Mendicants, 'Contraint et en publicque lieu ∣ honteusement s'en revocqua' (1176-7), so Jean de Meun mentions Guillaume de Saint Amour. Faux Semblant declares that she would never fall silent about her claims, even if she were to lose her life,

ou estre baniz du rïaume
a tort, con fu mestre Guillaume
de Saint Amor, qu'Ypocrisie
fist essillier par grant envie. (11475-8)

Then she describes her activity in terms of the Mendicants:

si n'ai mes cure d'ermitages,
j'ai lessié deserz et boschages,
et quit a saint Jehan Baptiste
du desert et menoir et giste;
es bours, es chateaus, es citez
faz mes sales et mes palés,

-143-

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Villon's Last Will: Language and Authority in the Testament
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Acknowledgements v
  • Contents vii
  • Introduction 1
  • 1- Writing and the Fragmentation of Authority 13
  • 2- Praise and Blame 34
  • 3- Love's Martyrs 50
  • 4- The Voice of Morality 72
  • 5- Dialogue 82
  • 6- Rhetoric and Irony 97
  • 7- The Indeterminate Author 125
  • Appendix 1 Villon and the Mendicants 143
  • Appendix 2 Glossary of Rhetorical Terms 146
  • Appendix 3 The Use of Anadiplosis in The Introduction to the Testament 149
  • Appendix 4 Binomial Expressions in the Testament 151
  • Bibliography 154
  • Index of Rhetorical Terms (see Also Appendix 2) 157
  • Index of Persons 158
  • Index of Lines Cited 160
  • Index of Subjects 165
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