The regulated population comprises industries; individual companies and businesses; and employers, managers, and employees. Some of these groupings are complex, well organized, and multi-national, whereas others are simple, small-scale, and local. Compliance may vary between different sectors of an industry, and even between different parts of one site. Moreover, compliance may change over time. At an organizational level the focus of inspectors was upon safe systems of work, and at the micro level upon categories of people, for instance, employers and employees; specialists and generalists; skilled and unskilled; and the experienced and inexperienced.
The Robens Committee recommended tripartite consultations between inspectorates, trade unions, and employers' associations, a recommendation accepted and included in the HSW Act. Indeed, the HSC includes representatives from unions, industry, and local government. As this might indicate, much of the interaction that went on between inspectorates and industry happened at a national level and involved senior inspectors and company directors and industry associations. Indeed, many of these meetings were regular, fixed appointments, the intention of which was to sort out programmes of work and to secure the commitment of the representatives of an industry to proposed improvements in standards and working practices.
Chief and Deputy Chief IAPIs and RIs met regularly with representatives of industry. Within the FI these meetings were of two main kinds, the first involving liaison between industry and the NIG inspectors and the second involving industry and inspectors working in the policy branches of the inspectorate. HSE policy-makers were also involved in industry-level meetings if new guidelines or regulations were under consideration (see Baldwin, 1995). HSE also organized regular industry-based meetings of inspectorate, employer, and employee representatives, known as industrial advisory committees. RIAC (the Railway Industry Advisory Committee), for instance, met regularly, was chaired by the Chief RI, and included RIs, HSE representatives,