THE FAMILY OF
THE SCHIZOPHRENIC AND
ITS PARTICIPATION IN
THE THERAPEUTIC TASK
THE CONVERGENCE of the work of Harry Stack Sullivan, who stressed the interpersonal aspect of the psyche rather than the intrapsychic, the pioneering work of Nathan Ackermann in the psychodynamics of family life, and a host of contributions by many other authors, who applied in clinical practice either their own innovations or what they had learned from others, shifted the attention of many psychiatrists from the patient to the family of the patient. Rather than the patient himself, the family became the patient to be examined, treated, cured. In addition to those already mentioned, many other authors, such as Murray Bowen, G. Bateson, D. D. Jackson, L. Wynne, T. Lidz, have expanded this field. The individual is no longer seen in isolation. Of greater significance is the interaction between the patient who is a family member and the family as a group, with laws and habits pertaining to a group per se.
It would be counterproductive and regressive to deny the value of these contributions. Nevertheless, it is now time that we reevaluate their observations and data and reconsider some basic notions, especially as they relate to certain psychiatric syndromes.
In this chapter we shall reconsider the role