The Global Warming Desk Reference

By Bruce E. Johansen | Go to book overview

Since World War II, when many Phoenix residents slept on porches outdoors, average summertime lows in Phoenix have risen above the human comfort zone. Average summertime lows have risen from 73 degrees to more than 80 degrees F. during the last half of the twentieth century. During the same fifty years, the Phoenix area’s human population has increased nearly twenty times, from roughly 150,000 to 2.8 million. Average daytime summer high temperatures in Phoenix have remained roughly the same during the same half-century, at between 102 and 104 degrees F. Dale Quattrochi, senior research scientist at NASA’s Global Hydrology and Climate Center in Huntsville, Alabama, estimated that Phoenix temperatures likely will increase as much as 15 degrees, and possibly up to 20 degrees, over historic averages the next several decades (Yozwiak 1998). (For more information on urban heat islands, see Chapter 2.)


REFERENCES

b

Bloomfield, Janine, and Sherry Showell. 1997. Global Warming: Our Nation’s Capitalat Risk. Washington, D.C.: Environmental Defense Fund. [http://www.edf.org/pubs/Reports/WashingtonGW/index.html]

Bolin, Bert, et al. 1995. Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Second AssessmentSynthesis of Scientific-Technical Information Relevant to Interpreting Article 2 of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change. Approved by the IPCC at its eleventh session, 11–15 December, Rome. [http://www.unep.ch/ipcc/pub/sarsyn.htm].

Brown, Paul. 1999. “Global Warming: Worse Than We Thought.” World Press Review, February, 44.


e

Epstein, Paul R. 1998. “Climate, Ecology, and Human Health.” 18 December. [http://www.iitap.iastate.edu/gccourse/issues/health/health.html]

———. 1999. “Profound Consequences: Climate Disruption, Contagious Disease, and Public Health.” Native Americas 16, no. 3/4(Fall, Winter): 64–67.

Epstein, Paul R., Henry F. Diaz, Scott Elias, Georg Grabherr, Nicohlas E. Graham, Willem J.M. Martens, Ellen Mosley-Thompson, and Joel Susskind. 1998. “Biological and Physical Signs of Climate Change: Focus on Mosquito-borne Diseases.” Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 79, part 1: 409–417.


g

Gelbspan, Ross. 1997. The Heat is On: The High Stakes Battle Over Earth’s ThreatenedClimate . Reading, Mass.: Addison-Wesley Publishing Co.

Glick, Patricia. 1998. “Global Warming: The High Costs of Inaction.” San Francisco: Sierra Club. [http://www.sierraclub.org/global-warming/inaction.html]


h

Haines, Andrew. 1990. “The Implications for Health.” In Jeremy Leggett, ed., GlobalWarming: The Greenpeace Report. New York: Oxford University Press, 149–162.

Houghton, John. 1997. Global Warming: The Complete Briefing. Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press.


k

Kalkstein, Laurence S. 1993. “Direct Impacts in Cities.” Lancet 342 (4 December): 1397–1400.


m

Mann, Barbara. 1999. Personal communication, 3 August.

Martens, Pim. 1999. “How Will Climate Change Affect Human Health?” American Scientist 87, no. 6 (November/December): 534–541.

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The Global Warming Desk Reference
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • Preface: Diary of a Warm Winter vii
  • Introduction xiii
  • References xvii
  • Chapter 1 - A Sketch of the Problem 1
  • Chapter 2 - The General Consensus on Global Warming 33
  • Chapter 3 - Warmer is Better; Richer is Healthier: Global-Warming Skeptics 83
  • Chapter 4 - Icemelt: Glacial, Arctic, and Antarctic 123
  • Chapter 5 - Warming Seas 153
  • References 177
  • Chapter 6 - Flora and Fauna 183
  • Chapter 7 - Human Health 209
  • References 218
  • Chapter 8 - A Fact of Daily Life: Global Warming and Indigenous Peoples 221
  • Chapter 9 - Greenhouse Gases and the Weather: Now, and in the Year 2100 231
  • Chapter 10 - Possible Solutions 251
  • Postscript 275
  • References 279
  • Bibliography 281
  • Index 345
  • About the Author 355
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