I am a writer and scholar specializing in the human-animal bond as it relates to communication and also as it relates to human and nonhuman consciousness. I hold what is probably the first doctoral degree in interspecies communication. I am especially interested in the transcendent essences of communication, which include oneness and compassion—attributes that are part of the motivating force that drives most animal activists.
I was born in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, in 1947 and attended high school there. I went on to become a journalist/photographer. My career included a stint for the World Wildlife Fund at its international headquarters in Switzerland. It was in Europe that I was first introduced to the global perspective on wildlife preservation issues and measures. However, I’ve always loved and identified strongly with animals of all kinds, and from early childhood have retreated into nature as a source of personal renewal. My affinity for the outdoors was at one time expressed through various activities such as underwater photography and rock climbing. One of my passions in recent years, jumping horses, could be considered at odds with the animal rights philosophy. From my perspective, taking a horse well through a challenging course of jumps represents one of the pinnacles of good communication between human and animal, but communication is not the concern of most animal activists. Animal rights people and I also do not see eye-to-eye on swim-with-dolphin activities. Both animal rights activists and field scientists generally take the position that wild animals should be left alone. Yet, from my own research and conversa-