I was born in England in 1937 and graduated from the Royal Veterinary College, London, in 1962. I immigrated to the United States in late 1962, to begin research in animal behavior and development at the Jackson Research Laboratory in Maine, and then at the Galesburg, Illinois, State Psychiatric Institute. Eventually I moved to Washington University, St. Louis, where I taught animal behavior and became a tenured associate professor in the Department of Psychology. I worked for Washington University from 1967 to 1976, after which time I joined The Humane Society of the United States. For my research into canid behavior and development, I received the Ph.D. (external) from London University, England in 1967, and the D.Sc. in 1976.
I enjoy being with animals, being in wild natural places, vegan cooking, writing, and playing my flutes, drums, and didgeridoo. The didgeridoo is a hollowed-out tree branch or piece of bamboo from 3 to 6 or more feet in length, a traditional musical instrument of the Australian aborigines that has an estimated 20,000-year history.
My understanding, respect, and love of wolves and the fact that they were being shot in Alaska, and my visits to animal research facilities where I saw the extreme conditions of deprivation for primates, dogs, and other animals, got me involved in animal rights issues in the early 1960s. Decades before, I became aware of how different I was from most other people when I found a bag of drowned kittens in a pond and on another occasion found several frogs that my childhood peers