fasted, and the communal affliction had such power as to be able to overcome the truth of the prophet's words. From being fearful they became untroubled, from being downcast they were joyful; it was established that they were condemned to death, but they were restored to life. So let us aspire to the repentance which is the saving remedy of the human race, the consolation of those who weep, the seed of blessed joys, for it bestows the most sure hope on one and all, and imparts to suppliants en masse the gift of heavenly grace.
I. David to Goliath. The historical event represented by this heading took place in the early life of the prophet, before he became king, but the importance of its typology summons it from that outworn context to our attention to enable you to realise that everything uttered and written in the psalms bears an allegorical meaning, as we shall state more explicitly in the conclusion. It is fitting for us to be aware that this war of David was a prophecy of the Lord Christ's struggle. Just as David laid low Goliath by using a rock as the weapon of war, so the power of the devil was overcome by the Rock which is the Lord Christ. 1 These parallels are accordingly observed in this psalm as well. Not only is the victory described here which is contained in the Book of Kings, 2 nor are thanks offered for that victory alone; there are many comments apposite to the Lord Christ's struggle which we shall duly expound in their proper place. So let us be aware that this is the fourth of the psalms 3 which denote allegorically the future deeds of the Lord through the actions of David. They must accordingly be regarded with reverence and wonder throughout the whole world, since they are hallowed by sharing the glory of the number of the gospels.
After the slaying of Goliath, which we have said was fulfilled as a deed of typological significance, the prophet in the first section