Concerning the ritual of sacrifices; that is, concerning offerings
and sacrifices, both salutary and for sins; and how "the high
priest offers for his own sin" and for the "sin of the congregation,"
or for the "individual soul of the people of the land which has
sinned involuntarily." 1.
INDEED, the preceding argument from the beginning of Leviticus has taught us the law of sacrifices, which are called offerings, that "if a person should make an offering he should offer it" from animals, that is, "from cattle, sheep, or even goats. But if from birds, he should offer a pair of turtledoves or two young pigeons." 2.
(2) "But if a soul shall bring an offering, it shall offer fine wheat flour from the oven; that is, from unleavened bread or fine wheat flour mixed with oil from a frying pan or even from gridiron. Moreover, it he offers a sacrifice of firstfruits, from the first produce of the fields, let it be fresh fine wheat flour, that is new and well cleansed. It also should be baked with fire and broken in two, lest it be too small because they are the first fruits. And let oil and incense be placed upon it and offered in this way." 3.
(3) But if anyone offers "a salutary sacrifice," he is commanded to offer it "from cattle," or likewise "from sheep" or "goats." 4. Except for these, no other kind of sacrifice is substituted in salutary offerings.
(4) For indeed generally "a soul" is commanded "to offer for involuntary sins," but after this it goes through diverse and various persons. It is commanded, "if it is the high priest who____________________