make. Though the intelligence of a few men can attain this, I still do not know whether it can be explained in human language, even by these few. 43. This matter is not unreasonably called water since all the things which come to be on the earth, whether animals, or trees, or plants and other such things, begin to be formed and nourished by moisture. Hence, all these expressions, whether heaven and earth, or the earth invisible and without order, and the abyss with darkness, or the water over which was borne the Spirit of God, are names for unformed matter. Thus something unknown is communicated to the minds of the uneducated by familiar terms, and not by one term, but by many. For, if there were only one term, this might be taken for what men usually understand by that term. Hence, it was called heaven and earth, because heaven and earth were going to be made out of it. It was called the earth invisible and without order and the darkness over the abyss, because it was formless and had no beauty that could be seen or touched, even if there were a man who might see and touch it. It was called water, because it lies submissive and workable before the workman so that all things might be formed out of it. But beneath all these names there was the invisible and formless matter, out of which God created the world.
The Manichees' Attack on Verse Four Is Countered
13. "And God said, 'Let there be light.' And the light was made." 44. The Manichees do not usually find fault with this, but with what follows: "And God saw that the light was good." 45. They say, "Hence, God had not known the light, or____________________