THE EXECUTIVE TRANSMISSION BELT--II
WHAT ARE the basic features of the communist executive's operational pattern? How has the dictatorship of the proletariat affected the inner functioning processes of the country's administration? How successful have the communist rulers of Czechoslovakia been in their efforts to refashion the administrative apparatus so that it will meet the all-important twin requirements of loyalty and efficiency?
However trite it may sound, the all-pervasive Party dominance must be mentioned once again, for it is the most important feature of the administrative operational pattern and its most fundamental principle. "The guidance of the State is in the hands of the Communist Party which does not share this guidance with anyone else," says an official university textbook on the theory of the State and law.1 The Central Committee of the KSČ "directs the work of the central state organs," stress the Party Statutes; and this is the one administrative maxim that is immutable. No criticism enraged the communist rulers more than a suggestion made by a few critics, emboldened by Khrushchëv's condemnation of Stalin in 1956, that the Party ought to relax its tight administrative reins. As stated in the resolution of the Eleventh Party Congress in 1958, "the Central Committee of the KSČ is the center of all political, economic, and ideological work in the country."2 Due to the narrow oligarchical system of the KSČ leadership, this applies really to the Central Committee's Political Bureau, which wields the actual authority, rather than to the Committee as a whole.
This dominance of the Party over the executive branch is secured____________________