The Republic of Slovenia declared independence on 25 June 1991 after having been part of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia since 1919. Even before this date, Slovenia was never an independent state.
During the 1970s and the 1980s, Slovenia was the most prosperous part of the Yugoslav Republic. In January 1989 a newly founded ‘extra-parliamentary’ opposition party (Democratic Alliance) called for a drastic reduction in Slovenia's contribution to the federal budget. They also asked for a sovereign autonomous Slovene state with a new constitution and a parliamentary democracy including free multiparty elections. Later during the year, these requests (and several other) became amendments in the Slovenian assembly's three chambers and were adopted with only one vote against and one abstention among the 256 deputies present – most of them being members of the Slovenia League of Communists (SLC).
In February 1990, the Slovene communists called an extraordinary congress in which they adopted a resolution, stating the end of their relationship to the Federal League of Communists in Yugoslavia (LCY – the federal ruling party). It was also decided to co-operate with all democratic organisations in Yugoslavia. Furthermore, the delegates renamed the former SCL party as ‘Party of Democratic Renewal’ (LCS) with its own membership, programme and statute. The new programme was drawn up along social democratic lines for the coming multiparty elections to the republican Assembly in Slovenia April 1990.
During the election campaign, six centre-right oriented parties formed an alliance under the name of DEMOS (Democratic Opposition of Slovenia). Programmatically, the party alliance tried to avoid criticism of the communist past. Issues of political pluralism, democracy and the republic's future within the Federation of Yugoslavia dominated the electoral campaign. As was the case with the Lega Nord in Italy, DEMOS refused to subsidise the