The Polish-Lithuanian Monarchy in European Context, c. 1500-1795

By Richard Butterwick | Go to book overview

Index
KP = King of Poland, QP = Queen of Poland, GDL = Grand Duke of Lithuania Terms in bold are explained in the glossary
abdication, see Augustus II, John (II) Casimir, Stanisław (II) August
absolutism (absolutum dominium), 159, 199
confessional, 12, 32–3
fear of in Commonwealth, 4, 16, 62, 134, 138–9, 154–5, 164–5, 178, 196–9, 201, 204
in Europe, 5–6, 18, 42, 46–7, 49, 78
Polish views of elsewhere, 121–9
Acton, Lord, 34–5
Albert of Hohenzollern, Duke of Prussia (1525–68), 64–5, 73
Albert Frederick of Hohenzollern, 73
Albrecht von Hohenzollern, see Albert of Hohenzollern
Alexander, GDL (1492–1506) and KP (1501–6), 59, 62, 99, 136
Alexander the Great, 157
Algirdas, GDL (1345–77), 84
Althusius, 28, 72
Altranstädt, Treaty of (1706), 177
America, United States of, 117, 209, 214
American colonists, 198
antemurale (christianitatis), 29, 61, 107
Angevins, 29
Angyal, Endre, historian, 30
Anna, Empress of Russia (1730–40), 185
Anna of Habsburg, QP, 160
Anna Jagiellonka, QP and GDL, (1575–86), 70, 73, 74–5, 133
Anne, Queen of England (1702–14), 49
annus mirabilis (1791–2), 193, 212, 216
Anti-Trinitarians, 63
Aragon, see Spain
Aristotle, 5, 27, 97, 158
Armenians, 11, 17
armies
of Poland-Lithuania, 7, 16–18, 61–2, 75, 88–9, 166–7, 179–81, 187–9, 206–7, see alsohetmans
standing armies, 5, 17, 32
Arthurian myth, 105–6
Asch, Ivan d', 214
Augustus II the Strong, KP and GDL (1697–1706, 1709–33)/Frederick Augustus I, Elector of Saxony (1694–1733), 17, 16, 33, 172, 175–84, 186, 188, see also absolutism
election, 175
and Great Northern War, 175–8
‘mild rule’, 183–4
reputed plans to partition Commonwealth, 184
and Royal Prussia, 93, 107–8
secret cabinet, 199
and Sejm, 178, 182
and Silent Sejm (1717), 179–81
and succession, 184
Augustus III, KP and GDL/Frederick Augustus II, Elector of Saxony (1733–63), 14, 172, 184–91, 196
court of, 198
election, 184–8
foreign policy, 186–8
ministerial system, 186, 199
and Royal Prussia, 108–9
Augustyniak, Urszula, historian, 8, 152–4, 157, 170 n. 36
Auschwitz, see Oświęcim
Austria, Austrian Monarchy, see Habsburg Monarchy
Austrian Succession, War of (1740–48), 31, 186–8

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