Architecture in Sweden, a Survey of Swedish Architecture throughout the Ages and up to the Present Day

By August Hahr; J. S. Herrstreom | Go to book overview

jection for defensive purposes and a gallery of wood could be put out when necessary, but it was scarcely meant for arquebusiers. There is a portcullis and ingeniously devised means of fence including loop-holes are met with here and there within the building. Its faintly illuminated rooms with beamed or vaulted ceilings, in spite of attempts at sculptural adornment, have the same cold and harsh effect as that of an old fortress. A relief inserted within the wall, representing the Crucifixion, bears the signature "Adam". It refers to a well-known sculptor and builder Adam van Düren who was summoned to assist in a restoration, at the beginning of the 16th century. It is not known as to whether Jens Holgersen or any of his successors resided here with their family. It is hardly likely. Other houses on the estate have been inhabited. As far as is known the castle has never been besieged.


IV.
WASA CASTLES.

With the dissolution of the Nordic Union, the founding and reforming of the national monarchy created a new epoch, an epoch which ushers in Sweden's more modern history. The new Wasa dynasty, with its founder King Gustav I at its head, leaves its traces on the times. It was a dramatically agitated and groping period, rich in contrasts, fascinating as few and abounding in stuff for the imagination. Catholicism was abolished and churches and convents were suppressed, old ecclesiastic art was incidentally doomed and church-building activities were laid down. An old culture was shattered to pieces. For Gustav Wasa it was of primary importance to provide for the needs and prosperity of the newly founded kingdom and to make secure both its and his own, as well as his government's safety.

Central fortresses were to be erected throughout the land. From the Middle Ages the King hade inherited a number of imperial castles, both larger and smaller, including Stockholm Castle, the castles in Nyköping, Örebro, Västerås, Kalmar and, in Finland, those of Åbo, Tavastehus, Olofsborg and Viborg. All these, and certain of the confiscated bishop's castles, and others privately acquired, such as Läckö, Kronoberg and Örbyhus should be enlarged and still further fortified.

But King Gustav built new castles also. To these belonged Gripsholm, Vadstena and Uppsala. The King came to entertain a special partiality for the first named. Erected 1537, on one of the bays in Lake Mälar, it

-22-

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Architecture in Sweden, a Survey of Swedish Architecture throughout the Ages and up to the Present Day
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page 1
  • Preface. 3
  • I- Simpler Dwelling-Houses in Town and Country In Olden Times. 5
  • III- Medieval Castles. 20
  • IV- Wasa Castles. 22
  • IV- Wasa Castles. 30
  • VII- The So-Called Period of Liberty and the Reaction. 49
  • VIII- The Days of Gustav Iii. 53
  • VIII- The Days of Gustav Iii. 57
  • VIII- The Days of Gustav Iii. 64
  • VIII- The Days of Gustav Iii. 70
  • VIII- The Days of Gustav Iii. 80
  • VIII- The Days of Gustav Iii. 96
  • VIII- The Days of Gustav Iii. 112
  • List of Illustrations 127
  • Contents 129
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