Architecture in Sweden, a Survey of Swedish Architecture throughout the Ages and up to the Present Day

By August Hahr; J. S. Herrstreom | Go to book overview

and at all events made designs for the same. A charming proof of his neoclassical style is the well-preserved--even as to the interior--Gunnebo, war Gothenburg.

The decease of Gustav III ( 1792) indicates the end, if not of the neoantique style, of the kind of architecture which he characterized and which was sustained by theories and traditions from the time of Louis XIV, and by the aesthetic views held by the Swedish King. The goddesses of song fled their course. A time of gray and triste reaction followed under the immediate regency with Duke Karl the brother of Gustav III, and G. A. Reuterholm who was hostile to liberty, at its head. Political misfortunes, such as the Napoleonic Wars, Sweden's war with Russia and, incidentally, the loss of Finland which, besides the deposition of Gustav IV Adolf carried economic retrogression in its wake, had also an unfavourable effect on architecture.


IX.
19TH CENTURY NEO-ANTIQUE.

The day of grand impulses and dreams was past. The "aesthete on the throne" had strangely enough and possibly not the least on account of his tragic death--the nobles who put him out of the way excepted-- called forth a feeling of loss, which expressed itself in an idealization of his person and his epoch. In this state of mind was raised ( 1808) on Skeppsbron, in front of the Royal Palace, Johan Tobias Sergel's statue of "the charming King", inspired by the classical art of the statue Apollo di Belvedere. But, meanwhile, the world around was anything but gay.

The new epoch inherited the style of the foregoing, but in conformity with the prevailing spirit of the times the aims and objects were of another kind. They were socially and civilly democratic. Schools, libraries, hospitals, barracks, country-side churches and town halls were erected. In Stockholm middle-class houses were built and manor-houses of a simple dignity made their appearance in the country. Simplicity and citizenship is the motto of the day. This may be seen in the style of dress and in portraiture. Princes and aristocrats no longer keep aloof as noble, illustrious persons, but appear in the guise of ordinary citizens. King Gustav IV Adolf assumes another mien in his portrait to be sure. But he was not long on the throne. It is true one lived on half-pay, but efforts were nevertheless made to create solid buildings with a representative exterior. Architectural discus-

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Architecture in Sweden, a Survey of Swedish Architecture throughout the Ages and up to the Present Day
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page 1
  • Preface. 3
  • I- Simpler Dwelling-Houses in Town and Country In Olden Times. 5
  • III- Medieval Castles. 20
  • IV- Wasa Castles. 22
  • IV- Wasa Castles. 30
  • VII- The So-Called Period of Liberty and the Reaction. 49
  • VIII- The Days of Gustav Iii. 53
  • VIII- The Days of Gustav Iii. 57
  • VIII- The Days of Gustav Iii. 64
  • VIII- The Days of Gustav Iii. 70
  • VIII- The Days of Gustav Iii. 80
  • VIII- The Days of Gustav Iii. 96
  • VIII- The Days of Gustav Iii. 112
  • List of Illustrations 127
  • Contents 129
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