Architecture in Sweden, a Survey of Swedish Architecture throughout the Ages and up to the Present Day

By August Hahr; J. S. Herrstreom | Go to book overview

became modern in the eighteen forties. The Barracks (Kanoniärkasernen) on Skeppsholmen, with its red painted gables and projecting towers rising aloft from the surrounding umbraceous verdure is an example, while still another may be seen in the little "kastell" on Kastellholmen, a mere toy in our day, which still salutes foreign warships anchoring in the harbour. Blom was a versatile man. His sphere of activities included the Academy of Arts (Konstakademien), the Board of Public Works and Buildings (Överintendentsämbetet), and the Royal Engineers (Fortifikationen). He bore the titles of Colonel, and Professor of Art, and is accounted by us as the last of the neo-classic architects. His competitor and adversary Nyström abjures entirely the old ideal of his youth and becomes the first representative and leader of the modern Swedish architecture.


X.
THE PERIOD OF HISTORICAL STYLE SEEKING.

Simultaneously with the wane of the classical style another pressed forward in its place, namely, an ideal borne by a romantic enthusiasm for medieval art and culture. Already in the last decade of the 18th century its praise had begun to be sung by German poets and authors, by the young Goethe in his reflexions on the grandeur of the Strassburg Cathedral and by Tieck, Wachenroder, the brothers Schlegel and so on. During the Napoleonic Wars and immediately afterwards, one can really speak of a general rapture which finally expressed itself in the restoration and completion of Köln Cathedral. Matters went so far that even such a renowned architect in neo-antique as Karl Fr. Schinkel was obliged to build in Gothic style in order to coincide with the taste of the times. In Munich, Fr. von Gärtner favoured a medieval round-arch style composed of German- Romanesque, Florentine, and North-Italian elements. A similar movement makes its appearance in France where Viollett-le-duc was its foremost standard-bearer and who directed his interest mainly to the restoration of old medieval monuments. The restorations of Notre Dame and St. Chapelle in Paris were among his best works.

In England the Gothic style had never quite been put aside. It was enthusiastically revived as the national style of the island country. The Houses of Parliament in London by Barry came also to mark the zenith of the neo-Gothic movement throughout the whole of Europe.

-64-

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Architecture in Sweden, a Survey of Swedish Architecture throughout the Ages and up to the Present Day
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page 1
  • Preface. 3
  • I- Simpler Dwelling-Houses in Town and Country In Olden Times. 5
  • III- Medieval Castles. 20
  • IV- Wasa Castles. 22
  • IV- Wasa Castles. 30
  • VII- The So-Called Period of Liberty and the Reaction. 49
  • VIII- The Days of Gustav Iii. 53
  • VIII- The Days of Gustav Iii. 57
  • VIII- The Days of Gustav Iii. 64
  • VIII- The Days of Gustav Iii. 70
  • VIII- The Days of Gustav Iii. 80
  • VIII- The Days of Gustav Iii. 96
  • VIII- The Days of Gustav Iii. 112
  • List of Illustrations 127
  • Contents 129
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