Between 1949 and 1953, the Rakosi regime demanded the loyalty and cooperation of all Hungarian citizens without allowing any substantive citizen participation in the processes of government. The Party viewed the people as a resource to be exploited for achieving the two basic goals of industrialization and indoctrination. Any opposition to the Stalinist version of socialist construction was suppressed through police terror. Moreover, no Hungarian citizen could remain aloof from Rakosi's totalitarian mobilization because the regime compelled all citizens to "take part" in and show support for the political process by attending mass meetings and organized demonstrations. Citizens were supposed to express their views on all subjects in which the Party had a vested interest, but they were also supposed to apply dialectical reasoning creatively in order to realize that the Party's policies were indeed correct. In other words, under Rakosi, the Hungarian citizenry was programmed to provide only positive input to the decision-making process. Its specific role was to support the policies of the regime. This kind of controlled, compulsory political participation was vital to the maintenance of a system that utilized people for the top-down transmission of predetermined values as well as for the generation of support without critical feedback. Political participation during the totalitarian mobilization phase of socialist construction in Hungary was an empty form manipulated by the leadership of the Party to validate the output of the political apparatus. It thus served only an output function.
Participants in the frequent, exhilarating demonstrations and marches celebrating all sorts of achievements in the socialist transformation of society must have felt some sense of accomplishment, even though they were only performing the ceremonial function