Sheldon H.Nahmod, Civil Rights and Civil Liberties Litigation (1997, 1998), is a heavily footnoted, comprehensive two-volume treatise that many practitioners find quite helpful. Nahmod supplements this treatise annually. Peter H.Schuck, Suing Government: Citizen Remedies for Official Wrongs (1983), is a wide-ranging scholarly treatment of the topic. Harold S.Lewis, Jr., & Elizabeth J.Norman, Civil Rights Law and Practice (2001), emphasizes legal doctrine and treats both § 1983 and other civil rights statutes. For a general introduction to § 1983, see Michael Collins, Section 1983 Litigation in a Nutshell (1997). There are several good casebooks on constitutional remedies, including Richard H.Fallon, Daniel J.Meltzer, & David L.Shapiro, Hart & Wechsler’s The Federal Courts and the Federal System (4th ed. 1996); John C.Jeffries, Jr., Pamela S.Karlan, Peter W. Low, & George A.Rutherglen, Civil Rights Actions: Enforcing the Constitution (2000) (a book that includes excellent bibliographical notes after each block of material, from which we have borrowed in preparing this essay); Theodore Eisenberg, Civil Rights Legislation (4th ed. 1996); Charles F.Abernathy, Civil Rights and Constitutional Litigation (3d ed. 2000); and Sheldon H.Nahmod, Michael L. Wells, & Thomas A.Eaton, Constitutional Torts (1995). A Section 1983 Civil Rights Anthology (ed. Sheldon H.Nahmod, 1993) is a collection of useful law review articles on a variety of topics in the area. Sword & Shield Revisited: A Practical Approach to Section 1983 (ed. Mary Massaron Ross, 1998) emphasizes topics of interest to litigators in trial courts. Jurisdictional issues are discussed in Erwin Chemerinsky, Federal Jurisdiction (3d ed. 1999). Sometimes issues of general tort law arise in constitutional tort litigation. Dan B.Dobbs, The Law of Torts (2000), is a good reference work.