Writing about Black identity and Black history, and being accurate about both, requires distinguishing between race and ethnicity. This was not done by precursor Black historians, or by early First-Wave Black historians, and has certainly not been done widely, clearly, or consistently by later First-Wave or Second-Wave Black historians. In the introductory chapter I said that race was biology and that an ethnic group was a subdivision of a race with racial or biological features, but which also exhibited cultural and social characteristics. I intend to expand on this matter in this chapter, as the clarity of these realities are essential for writing Third-Wave Black historiography.
Equally troublesome and inhibiting in dealing with Black identity and Black history are the orthographic or spelling problems that make it difficult to know who Black people are (how they are distinguished from other black people), and thus, whose or which black people’s history is being written about under the banner of Black history. Black historians for the most part, and this is also true of other kinds of Black intellectuals for the most part, are utterly careless when it comes to projecting the identity of Black people, invariably eschewing the historical evidence that would be