the farthest side of the river, under the command of Cassibelan, and fenced the bank of the river and almost all the ford under water with sharp stakes: the remains of these are to be seen to this day, apparently about the thickness of a man's thigh, and being cased with lead, remain fixed immoveably in the bottom of the river. This being perceived and avoided by the Romans, the barbarians, not able to stand the shock of the legions, hid themselves in the woods, whence they grievously galled the Romans with repeated sallies. In the mean time, the strong city of the Trinobantes, with its commander Androgius, surrendered to Cæsar, giving him forty, hostages. Many other cities, following their example, made a treaty with the Romans. By their assistance, Cæsar at length, with much difficulty, took Cassibelan's town, situated between two marshes, fortified by the adjacent woods, and plentifully furnished with all necessaries. After this Cæsar returned into Gaul, but he had no sooner put his legions into winter quarters, than he was suddenly beset and distracted with wars and tumults raised against him on every side.
CLAUDIUS, THE SECOND OF THE ROMANS WHO CAME INTO BRITAIN,
BROUGHT THE ISLANDS ORCADES INTO SUBJECTION TO THE
ROMAN EMPIRE; AND VESPASIAN, SENT BY HIM, REDUCED THE
ISLE OF WIGHT UNDER THEIR DOMINION.
In the year of Rome, 798, the Emperor Claudius, the fourth from Augustus, being desirous to approve himself a beneficial prince to the republic, and eagerly bent upon war and conquest, undertook an expedition into Britain, which seemed to be stirred up to rebellion by the refusal of the Romans to give up certain deserters. He was the only