This book represents an extensive rewriting of a doctoral dissertation on the same subject completed under the Joint Committee on Graduate Instruction at Columbia University. It would be impossible for me here to adequately communicate my debt to the many teachers at Columbia University and Union Theological Seminary who contributed to my intellectual and spiritual growth. Herbert W. Schneider, Professor Emeritus of Philosophy, Columbia University, now at the Claremont Graduate School, California, started me in my investigations of eighteenth-century thought, and James Gutmann, also Professor Emeritus of Philosophy at Columbia, suggested I focus on Shaftesbury. Marjorie Hope Nicolson, Professor Emeritus of English at Columbia, gave me encouragement and valuable suggestions, and Horace L. Friess, Professor of Philosophy, Columbia, helped me greatly in the completion of my dissertation. Their keen and always humane scholarship has provided me with a model and a stimulus.
The rewriting of my earlier research in the form of this book was done during a semester off made possible by a grant from the John C. Baker Fund, endowed by Mr. and Mrs. Edwin C. Kennedy. I want to thank them for this type of assistance which has meant so much to me as well as to other scholars at Ohio University.
The third part of Chapter X, subtitled "Self-Interest and Public Interest," appeared in slightly modified form as an article entitled Self-Interest and Public Interest in Shaftesbury's Philosophy, in