The videos examined here focus on survivors. The films may have been made by a survivor, feature a survivor, or include survivor testimonies. Most videos of the Holocaust experience are documentaries whose intent is to inform the viewer. Some videos feature just a single survivor such as Simon Wiesenthal, Gerda Klein, or Marek Edelman in a format that includes an interview and a narrator who recaps the highlights of the survivor’s life.
Videos have now taken the place of films because of the ease in presentation. They provide valuable information to the viewer. Most often videos present archival material, which offers the viewer a clearer picture of the historical events. The videos portray the fear, agony, suffering, death, and destruction of the Holocaust years. Care was taken in these entries to run the gamut of pre-Holocaust to post-Holocaust years and to provide a variety of experiences within the years 1933 to 1945. The videos provided serve the purpose of awareness, to keep memories alive, and, perhaps for those participating, may act as a catharsis. Each entry identifies the title, running time, whether color or black and white, the appropriate age level for viewers, and the distributor.
Other interview videos are based on a survivor’s retelling experiences already told in a book. Fania Fenelon, for example, essentially repeats on video what is contained in her book Playing for Time. Inge Auerbacher recounts her experiences at Theresienstadt in All Jews Out, based on her book I Am a Star. Likewise, Kitty Hart’s book Kitty—Return to Auschwitz is the basis of her video of the same title.