July—Declaration of Independence adopted.
July—The Articles of Confederation, written by John Dickinson, proposed to the Continental Congress.
August—The British army, having departed Boston in March, takes control of New York following its victory at the Battle of Long Island.
December—“Crisis #1,” written by Thomas Paine, published in the Pennsylvania Journal.
December—George Washington leads the Continental army to victory over the Hessians at Trenton, New Jersey.
October—The British under Sir Henry Clinton defeat the Americans under General George Washington at Germantown, Pennsylvania.
October—The Americans under General William Howe defeat the British under the command of General John Burgoyne at Saratoga, New York.
October—The Articles of Confederation approved by the Continental Congress.
December—Washington takes the Continental army into winter quarters at Valley Forge, Pennsylvania.
February—The United States signs a treaty of alliance with France that was negotiated following the victory at Saratoga, which convinced the French that the revolt against Great Britain could be successful.