Encyclopedia of Literary Modernism

By Paul Poplawski | Go to book overview

C

Canada, English

One of the Grand Old Men of Canadian literature, Charles G. D. Roberts (1860–1945), declared “to Canada, modernism has come more slowly and less violently than elsewhere” (298). The question of belatedness has continued to beleaguer critical discussions of Canadian modernism with charges of colonial prejudice being variously bandied about. Nonetheless, most recently Brian Treherne has submitted that “although Victoria had died in 1901, Victorian Canada lived on, a fact upon which memoirists, historians, and literary critics are in essential agreement” (315). Indeed, literary critics continue to sift through the wealth of material from the early decades of the twentieth century indicating the varied dialogue which Canadian poets maintained with nineteenth-century literary movements (e.g., late romanticism, symbolism, decadence, and aestheticism). The models exploited by these poets were most frequently emanating from Old Europe. Remembering this period, the poet Leon Edel confided: “We lived among belated Victorians; we were touched with Victorianism ourselves” (“When McGill Modernized” 113).

There is a critical willingness to locate the Canadian modernist moment in the 1930s: W. J. Keith, for example, contends that “until the 1930s Canada saw little of the artistic challenge and achievement of the modernist movement that had transformed literary attitudes in other parts of the English-speaking world” (58). Nonetheless, it is becoming increasingly apparent that the genealogy of modernist thinking can be traced in earlier decades through some isolated productions by individuals and groups of writers. Most frequently, these productions focused upon the need for technical experimentation. In their ground-breaking study published in the 1960s, Louis Dudek and Michael Gnarowski drew particular attention to Arthur Stringer’s poetry collection Open Water (1914) declaring it to be “a turning point in Canadian writing if only for the importance of the ideas advanced by Stringer in his preface” (3). Stringer’s preface stressed most importantly the significance of free verse and the abandonment of literary proprieties for the development of a modern poetic in Canada: “No necrophiliac regard for its established conventions must blind the lover of beautiful verse to the fact that the primary function of poetry is both to intellectualize sensation and to elucidate emotional experience. If man must worship beauty only as he has known it in the past, man must be satisfied with worshipping that which has lived and now is dead” (see in Dudek and Gnarowski 8–9). Such a call to arms would take over two decades to be fully heard in Canada. In these early years, however, the most significant achievement in terms of modernist influence would be focused on the theorizing

-36-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this book

This book has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this book

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Encyclopedia of Literary Modernism
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • Preface vii
  • Acknowledgments xi
  • A 1
  • B 15
  • C 36
  • D 67
  • E 87
  • F 102
  • G 157
  • H 169
  • I 191
  • J 206
  • K 221
  • L 223
  • M 246
  • N 275
  • O 282
  • P 293
  • R 342
  • S 369
  • T 417
  • U 434
  • V 439
  • W 442
  • Y 471
  • Selected Bibliography 477
  • Index 481
  • List of Contributors 511
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
/ 516

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Author Advanced search

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.