To be safe. To be secure. To be healthy. To be housed. To be fed … and possibly to have a parent, aunt, uncle, brother, sister, and precious others. The vital needs of children initially appear to be basic. These needs are essential to a healthy foundation for personal and psychological development, and should be the raison d’être of education. Of course, serious attention must also be given to ethnographic, economic, cultural, and other contextual experiences with which the child is absorbed, if not sometimes held hostage by them—experiences that include terror, disaster, and war. All of these need to be addressed vigorously and ambitiously, aptly and now, by parents, educators, and communities. This chapter provides educators and parents-as-educators with strategies for recognizing terrorized children and helping them cope with terror, disaster, and war. Further, educators should be drawn to the sections focused on strengthening critical strands of development.
The terror of September 11, 2001, is ongoing. The United States is in a state of war, and this is particularly difficult because there is no end in sight. This could go on for a long, long time. For children and adolescents, this unknown is especially scary. They have not been through anything like this before. They do not know