Georges Clemenceau: A Political Biography

By David Robin Watson | Go to book overview

Appendix VI

Biographical List of the most important
characters mentioned

BERTIE, Francis Leveson, first Viscount Bertie of Thame (1844-1919): a pro- fessional diplomat, British ambassador in Paris 1905-18. 'M. Clemenceau, who placed implicit trust in him, gave him on his retirement such proofs of esteem on behalf of France as a British ambassador can rarely have received' (Dictionary of National Biography).

BLANQUI, Louis Auguste (1805-81): a lifelong revolutionary, frequently imprisoned: he began as a member of the Carbonari, and continued their policy of secret, tightly disciplined revolutionary organizations. In 1870 he edited a newspaper, La Patrie en Danger, advocating social revolution and prosecution of the war to the utmost: he was arrested on 17 March 1871, and thus missed the Commune, where his followers were prominent. Blanquists remained a distinctive sect among French Socialists for twenty years after his death.

BOULANGER, Georges Ernest Jean Marie, general (1837-91): a professional soldier, promoted to general in 1880: minister of war from 7 June 1886 to 30 May 1887: became a popular hero, and on being placed on the retired list as a result of his political intrigues, led a movement aiming at constitutional revision. After spectacular electoral victories in 1888, the Boulangist movement petered out when Boulanger was frightened into exile, and his followers were left leader- less, in spite of a certain success in the 1889 elections.

BRIAND, Aristide (1862-1932): lawyer and journalist. Regarded as an extreme left-wing Socialist at the beginning of his political career, he rapidly moderated his position; he was a deputy in 1902, a minister in 1906, prime minister in 1909, and thereafter scarcely ever out of office for long periods, except from 1917-20. Regarded as a renegade by the Socialists of the S.F.1.0., he occupied a position in the Centre of the political spectrum, and was perhaps the most typical pro- fessional politician of the period. Clemenceau disliked him intensely, although Briand was a minister in his first cabinet.

CAILLAUX, Joseph (1863-1944): he began as a high civil servant, an Inspecteur des Finances, becoming a deputy in 1898. Originally a moderate republican, he moved leftwards, becoming the leader of the Radical party in 1913. He was minister of finance in the Waldeck-Rousseau cabinet, 1899-1902, and again in the first Clemenceau cabinet. As prime minister in 1911 he negotiated the Agadir settlement with Germany. Accused of treason because of his advocacy of a compromise peace, he was tried by the Senate, sitting as a High Court, in

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Georges Clemenceau: A Political Biography
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Georges Clemenceau - A Political Biography *
  • Contents 5
  • Illustrations *
  • Acknowledgements 11
  • Part One - Childhood, Youth and the Commune I84i-1871 *
  • 1 - Childhood and Youth 15
  • 2 - The Commune 34
  • Part Two - The Radical Attack I87i-1889 *
  • 3 - Challenger from the Left 59
  • 4 - Clemenceau versus Ferry 81
  • 5 - Boulangism 101
  • Part Three - Defeat and Resurgence I889-1906 *
  • 6 - Panama 117
  • 7 - The Dreyfus Affair 138
  • Part Four - The First Ministry I906-1909 *
  • 8 - Minister of the Interior 167
  • 9 - Clemenceau as Premier 183
  • 10 - Clemenceau as Strike-Breaker 200
  • 11 - Foreign Policy 215
  • Part Five - Opposition I909-1917 *
  • 12 - In Opposition before the War 237
  • 13 - Opposition in Wartime 249
  • Part Six - Pere-La-Victoire I9i7-1918 *
  • 14 - Second Ministry: Domestic Politics 275
  • 15 - Military Strategy 293
  • 16 - Russian Intervention and Victory 315
  • Part Seven - The Peace Settlement and after I9i8-1929 *
  • 17 - The Versailles Treaty 331
  • 18 - The Middle East and Russia 366
  • 19 - Domestic Politics and Last Years 380
  • Part Eight - Conclusion *
  • 20 - Conclusion 397
  • Appendices Sources and Bibliography Index *
  • Appendix I 411
  • Appendix II 414
  • Appendix III 416
  • Appendix IV 417
  • Appendix V 424
  • Appendix VI 428
  • Appendix VII 434
  • Sources and Bibliography 438
  • Index 455
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