Strategies for Natural Language Processing

By Wendy G. Lehnert; Martin H. Ringle | Go to book overview


Allen J. F. A plan-based approach to speech act recognition (Tech. Rep. No. 131/79). Toronto: University of Toronto, Department of Computer Science, January 1979.

Allen J. A., & Perrault C. R. "Analyzing intention in dialogues". Artificial Intelligence, 1980, 15, 143-178.

Brown J. S., Collins A., & Harris G. "Artificial intelligence and learning strategies". In H. F. O'Neil (Ed.), Learning strategies. New York: Academic Press, 1978.

Bruce B. C., & Newman D. "Interacting plans". Cognitive Science, 1978, 2, 195-233.

Bruce B. C., & Rubin A. D. "Four good ideas that don't always work". To appear in J. Flood (Ed.), Understanding reading comprehension. Newark, Del.: International Reading Association, in press.

Cohen P. R. On knowing what to say: Planning speech acts. Doctoral dissertation (Tech. Rep. No. 118), Department of Computer Science, University of Toronto, January 1978.

Cohen P. R. "Signalling the interpretation of indirect speech acts". Proceedings of the 18th Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, June 1980.

Cohen P. R., & Perrault C. R. "Elements of a plan-based theory of speech acts". Cognitive Science, 1979, 3, 177-212.

Collins A., & Smith E. E. "Teaching the process of reading comprehension". In Intelligence, 1981.

Goodman K. S. "Psycholinguistic universals in the reading process". In F. Smith (Ed.), Psycholinguistics and reading. New York: Holt, Rinehart, & Winston, 1973.

Grosz B. J. The representation and use of focus in dialogue understanding. Doctoral dissertation, University of California at Berkeley, Computer Science Department, May 1977.

Grosz B. J. "Utterance and objective: Issues in natural language communciation", AI Magazine, 1980, l, 11-20.

Hobbs J. R., & Evans D. A. "Conversation as planned behavior". Cognitive Science, 1980, 4, 349-377.

Horrigan M. Modelling simple dialogs (Tech. Rep. 108). Toronto: University of Toronto, Department of Computer Science, 1977.

Jefferson C. "Side sequences". In D. Sudnow (Ed.), Studies in social interaction. New York: Macmillan, 1972.

Levy D. M. "Communicative goals and strategies: Between discourse and syntax". In Givon (Ed.), Discourse and syntax (Vol. 12 of Syntax and semantics). New York: Academic Press, 1979.

Mann W. C., Moore J. A., & Levin J. A. "A comprehension model for human dialogue". Proceedings of the Fifth International Joint Conference on Artificial Intelligence ( Cambridge, Mass.), 1977, 77-78.

Mann W. C., Moore J. A., Levin J. A., & Carlisle J. H. Observation methods for human dialogue. (ISI/RR-75-33), Marina del Rey, California, Information Sciences Institute, 1975.

Moore J., Mann W., & Levin J. A goal oriented model of natural language interaction (ISI RR-77-52). Marina del Rey, Calif.: University of Southern California, Information Sciences Institute, 1977.

Perrault C. R., & Allen J. F. A plan-based analysis of indirect speech acts. American Journal of Computational Linguistics, 1980,

Reichman R. "Conversational coherence". Cognitive Science, 1978, 2, 283-327.

Rosenfeld H. M. "Conversational control functions". In A. Siegman and S. Feldstein (Ed.), Nonverbal Behavior and Communication, Hillsdale, NJ, Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 1978, 291-328.

Rubin A. D. "A framework for comparing language experiences" (with particular emphasis on: The effect of audience on discourse models). Proceedings of Theoretical Issues in Natural Language Processing-2. New York: Association for Computing Machinery, 1978.


Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this book

This book has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this book

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Cite this page

Cited page

Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25,

Note: primary sources have slightly different requirements for citation. Please see these guidelines for more information.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Strategies for Natural Language Processing
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents vii
  • Preface xiii
  • Abstracts xvii
  • I - Introduction 1
  • 1 - The State of the Art In Natural-Language Understanding 3
  • Acknowledgments 30
  • References 30
  • II - Implementation Issues 33
  • 2 - Realistic Language Comprehension 37
  • References 53
  • 3 - Natural Communication Between Person and Computer 55
  • Acknowledgments 86
  • References 86
  • 4 - Parsing and Comprehending With Word Experts (a Theory And Its Realization) 89
  • Acknowledgments 147
  • References 147
  • 5 - An Overview of the Frump System 149
  • Acknowledgments 175
  • References 175
  • 6 - A Framework for Conceptual Analyzers 177
  • References 196
  • III - Conversation And Discourse 199
  • 7 - Conversation Failure 203
  • References 220
  • 8 - Towards an Understanding Of Coherence in Discourse 223
  • Acknowledgments 242
  • References 242
  • 9 - Beyond Question Answering 245
  • Acknowledgments 271
  • References 271
  • 10 - Adversary Arguments and The Logic of Personal Attacks 275
  • Acknowledgments 293
  • References 294
  • IV - Knowledge Representation 295
  • 11 - Inference and Learning In Computer Model of The Development of Language Comprehension in a Young Child 299
  • Acknowledgments 325
  • References 325
  • 12 - Inferring Building Blocks For Knowledge Representation 327
  • Acknowledgments 343
  • References 343
  • 13 - Points: A Theory of the Structure Of Stories in Memory 345
  • References 373
  • 14 - Plot Units: a Narrative Summarization Strategy 375
  • Acknowledgments 411
  • References 411
  • V - Theoretical Issues 413
  • 15 - Metaphor: an Inescapable Phenomenon In Natural-Language Comprehension 415
  • Acknowledgments 432
  • References 433
  • 16 - Context Recognition In Language Cornprehension 435
  • Acknowledgments 453
  • References 453
  • 17 - Reminding and Memory Organization: an Introduction To Mops 455
  • Acknowledgments 493
  • References 493
  • 18 - Some Thoughts on Procedural Semantics 495
  • Acknowledgments 515
  • Notes on Contributors 517
  • Subject Index 523
  • Index 529


Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Full screen
/ 533

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25,

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Author Advanced search


    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.