James Allen received his Ph.D. in computer science from the University of Toronto in 1979, and since then has been an Assistant Professor of Computer Science at the University of Rochester. His main research interest is artificial intelligence, and, in particular, concerns the characterization of the knowledge and inference processes that are needed to account for understanding natural language.
Lawrence Birnbaum is a graduate of Yale University and a graduate student in the Department of Computer Science at Yale. His research interests include natural language analysis, discourse processing, and argumentation strategies.
Bertram Bruce is currently Associate Director of the National Institute of Education supported Center for the study of Reading. His research for the Center has been on problems of comprehension in oral and written language from the perspective of computational models of language understanding. Dr. Bruce is also currently co-director of a project to develop a microcomputer based curriculum for teaching writing to elementary school children. He was a member of the BBN speech understanding project for two years, doing work in the areas of discourse models, pragmatics, inference, and both written and spoken language generation.
Prior to his work at BBN, Dr. Bruce was an Assistant Professor of Computer Science at Rutgers University for three years, doing research on computer understanding of natural language. The CHRONOS and BELIEVER natural language understanding systems were developed as part of this research.