The Mid-European Studies Center, a unit of the Free Europe Committee, Inc. (formerly the National Committee for a Free Europe), was founded in the summer of 1950 principally to help maintain the intellectual traditions and cultural heritage of the peoples of Central and Eastern Europe now under Communist control, to assist exiles of scholarly competence to continue their work against Communist tyranny, and to increase the fund of information available on this area, which is a terra incognita for even most educated Americans. The Center has completed and published a large number of studies, and has probably been the principal research institute in the world concentrating on East-Central Europe.
This volume, Hungary Under the Communists, is one of a series of seven. The series was conceived in the spring of 1954 by Mr. Stetson S. Holmes, then Director of the Mid-European Studies Center, by Mr. Jacob B. Hoptner, then Director of Research of the Mid-European Studies Center, and by Dr. Stephen Fischer-Galati, then a staff member. It was organized as a joint project of refugee scholars and of American specialists, and it was hoped that the volumes would not only increase the fund of information, but would also help define the boundaries of our knowledge and the areas in which research and analysis were most needed. The books are designed to provide thorough, accurate, and well-organized information on Albania, Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Poland, Romania, and Yugoslavia since they have been under Communist rule. Eastern Germany and the Baltic states, Lithuania, Latvia, and Estonia, all important parts of the Soviet empire in East-Central Europe, were omitted because the Center lacked both the personnel and materials for volumes on these states.
The series is a massive project, which the Mid-European Studies Center is particularly well qualified to prepare and to publish. As the research division of the Free Europe Committee, it possesses a small but highly qualified staff of experts on this area. Some of these specialists lived for years in East-Central Europe, were educated there, and