Iraq under Siege: The Deadly Impact of Sanctions and War

By Anthony Arnove | Go to book overview

Chapter 1.
America's War Against Iraq: 1990-1999
Naseer Aruri America's war against Iraq entered a new phase in January 1999, when it was transformed into a low-level yet sustained onslaught targeting military and economic installations, and inflicting a toll on civilian lives (away from media attention). It is, however, a continuation of the same war that does not seem to end, and it is still driven by the same strategic objectives behind the mobilization of 1990-1991.There are three elements of the strategic equation driving this ongoing war.
1. The reconstitution of an American hegemony in the Middle East that would be unquestioned, unrivaled, and in need of no legitimation. Thus, the United Nations umbrella, which was so important for President George Bush, is no longer being pursued by Bill Clinton, which is a commentary on the extent of the US government's abuse of power and contempt for international legality.
2. The assumption that the United States is responsible for the maintenance of a stable regional security environment conducive to its own economic and strategic interests. This, in turn, is equated with "international stability," itself a self-proclaimed US responsibility in the post-cold war period.
3. Therefore, the US government must maintain an ongoing ability and willingness to project power abroad, at two or three fronts simultaneously, if necessary, to contain, if not demolish, any challenger or would-be challenger to its self-proclaimed rules, redefined as principles of the New World Order. Hence, not only must Saddam Hussein be cut down to size, but Iraq's potential power must also be nipped in the bud and nipped again and again with every new budding. It is, therefore, the capacity of Iraq and not any of its policies or current weight in the regional order that has bewildered Washington since 1990. American pressure against Iraq, manifested as acts of war or economic coercion, is thus likely

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Iraq under Siege: The Deadly Impact of Sanctions and War
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Praise for Irag under Siege i
  • Title Page iii
  • Table of Contents v
  • Acknowledgments vii
  • Introduction 9
  • Notes 17
  • Part 1 - The Roots of Us/Uk Policy 21
  • Chapter 1 - America's War against Iraq: 1990-1999 23
  • Notes 32
  • Chapter 2 - Iraq: the Impact of Sanctions and Us Policy 35
  • Notes 46
  • Chapter 3 - Us Iraq Policy 47
  • Notes 55
  • Part 2 - Myths and Realities 57
  • Chapter 4 - Collateral Damage 59
  • Notes 64
  • Chapter 5 - Myths and Realities regarding Iraq and Sanctions 67
  • Notes 73
  • Chapter 6 - The Media's Deadly Spin on Iraq 77
  • Notes 89
  • Chapter 7 - The Hidden War 93
  • Notes 103
  • Chapter 8 - One Iraqi's Story 105
  • Notes 107
  • Part 3 - Life under Sanctions 109
  • Chapter 9 - Raising Voices 111
  • Notes 124
  • Chapter 10 - Targets—not Victims 127
  • Notes 136
  • Chapter 11 - Sanctions: Killing a Country and a People 137
  • Notes 147
  • Part 4 - Documenting the Impact of Sanctions 149
  • Chapter 12 - Sanctions, Food, Nutrition, and Health in Iraq 151
  • Notes 165
  • Chapter 13 - Toxic Pollution, the Gulf War, and Sanctions 169
  • Notes 175
  • Part 5 - Activist Responses 179
  • Chapter 14 - Sanctions Are Weapons of Mass Destruction 181
  • Notes 183
  • Chapter 15 - Building the Movement to End Sanctions 185
  • Notes 196
  • Chapter 16 - Resources Organizations Working to End Sanctions on Iraq 199
  • About the Authors 201
  • Index 205
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