A new Red Scare in the form of a "Soviet-backed international terror network" has been vigorously pushed in the United States during the past decade, reaching new heights in 1980-1981. It was badly needed by the forces of the right. One effect of the Great Society and Vietnam war was to stimulate populism — the belief on the part of many formerly apathetic people that they had legitimate claims that could be pursued both in private bargaining and in the political arena. Protest and demands extended from civil rights marches and war protests to more material claims on the part of the poor, the disabled, the old, women, Indians and others. Establishment spokesmen expressed open dismay at the weakening of traditional restraints on the masses, and their assertive demands to share political power with the elite. We saw in the last chapter that a durable method by which the U.S. business and upper class contends with such problems is by means of a refurbished Red Menace.
The threat of a democracy working too well was strongly felt by the business community during the 1960s and early 1970s in its inability to contain either the steady growth of social regulation