and the Counter-Culture
Today we are seeing, especially in advanced technological countries such as the USA, a burgeoning movement of protest and dissent. This dissent goes far beyond the immediate dislocations of American society caused by the war in Vietnam. The dissenters see this war as part of much more intrinsic attitudes and socioeconomic structures of Western society. They would take this criticism beyond even the analysis of imperialism and exploitation proposed by traditional Marxism and question the very assumptions of scientific, technological society, for Marxism, although it attacked the social organization of production, never questioned the scientific, technological rationality itself. It is for this reason that writers such as Paul Goodman and Theodore Roszak 1 have rightly suggested that the dissenting movement in American society, despite its concentration among the young, constitutes potentially a crisis in the fundamental faith in objective, scientific reason upon which Western society has been built since the Enlightenment.
Paul Goodman in The New Reformation2 stressed the religious character of the dissenting movement and compared the counter-culture to the radicals of the Reformation who raised ultimate questions about the very foundations of Chris