THE SPOILS SYSTEM (Continued)
The weapons just described are wielded by the leaders in the world of spoils who are commonly characterized as bosses.1
These rulers require somewhat different qualities from those in the field of party policy, and in certain positions of party management and administration. Their rise to power and their continuance in its possession are based upon a somewhat different set of political attributes personally, and upon a somewhat different environment. What are the qualities of the boss, and what is the social and political environment out of which he comes and____________________
The most useful documentary evidence is that of the Lexow Committee of the New York Legislature ( 1894); the Allds Committee of the New York Senate ( 1910); the Lorimer investigations made by the U. S. Senate, 1911-12; the N. Y., N. H. & H. R. R., 1914, Interstate Commerce Committee Reports, No. 6569; also Sen. Doc. No. 543, 63rd Congress, 2nd Session, Vols. I and II.
Writers of fiction supply many facts and illustrate the spirit of boss government in such works as P. L. Ford The Honorable Peter Stirling, Churchill.'s Coniston, Mr. Crewe's Career and A Far Country; A. H. Lewis The Boss, and The President; W. L. Riordon, Plunkitt of Tammany Hall; Theodore Dreiser , The Titan and The Financier. A list of other titles is given in my American Political Ideas, Ch. 14.