The objects of the Handbook for Central Italy and Rome are to supply the traveller with some information regarding the culture and art of the people he is about to visit, to render him as independent as possible of the services of guides and valets de-place, to protect him against extortion, and in every way to aid him in deriving enjoyment and instruction from his tour in one of the most fascinating countries in the world. The Handbook will also, it is hoped, save the traveller many a trial of temper; for probably nowhere in Europe is the patience more severely taxed than in some parts of Italy.
The fifteenth edition of Central Italy and Rome, like its predecessors, has been carefully revised and brought up to date. The Handbook is based on the Editor's personal acquaintance with the places described, most of which he has repeatedly and carefully explored. As, however, changes are constantly taking place, he will highly appreciate any communications with which travellers may favour him, if the result of their own observation. The information already received from numerous correspondents, which he gratefully acknowledges, has in many cases proved most serviceable. Hotel-bills, with annotations showing the traveller's opinion as to his treatment and accommodation, are particularly useful.
The Maps and Plans, on which special care has been bestowed, will abundantly suffice for the use of the ordinary traveller. They have all been carefully revised and brought up to date, while the maps of Elba and the environs of Siena, Montepulciano, San Gimignano, and Urbino, together with the plans of these towns, appear in this edition for the first time. The large Plan of Rome (scale 1: 11,400), in the Appendix, is divided into three sections with a view to obviate the necessity of unfolding a large sheet of paper at every consultation, and its use will be further facilitated by reference to the small clue-plan (scale 1:33,000).
Heights are given in the text in English feet, on the maps in m1sueètres (1 Engl. ft. = 0,3048 mètre; 1 mètre = 3,281 ft., or ca. 3 ft. 3 1/3 in.). Distances are given in English miles (comp. p. ii).
Hotels (comp. p. xvii). Besides the modern palatial and expensive establishments, the Handbook also mentions a selection of modest, old-fashioned inns, which not unfrequently afford good accommodation at moderate charges. The asterisks indicate those hotels which the Editor has reason to believe to. be provided with the comforts and conveniences expected in an up-to-date establish-