Frustration of a Radical
William Dudley Haywood's practical accomplishments were neither considerable nor permanent. He helped to win a better life for thousands of hard-rock miners, but his part in their battle was passing and intangible. The miners' self-reliance, militance, and diligence were deeply ingrained in them; their union was strong and established before Haywood became a molding force in it, and long survived him. The Wobblies, more dependent on Haywood, were less lucky. Their demise as an effective group was not Haywood's fault. His policies, in fact, were infusing the IWW with a promising stability when the Socialist Party's rebuff and the federal government's repression started the union toward oblivion.
No institution stands as Haywood's monument. No gleaming aluminum and glass "labor temple" is named for him, and his uncomely face has never adorned a postage stamp. His legacy is historical and symbolic. He exemplified for the world the doughtiness of the western miner. He stood up for wretched immigrant workers when the organized labor movement scorned them. He gave the nation an unnoticed lesson in personal freedom from racial bigotry in an age when racism ruled labor union, university, and White House. And Haywood was willing, in all but the last instance, to risk the penalties of being a dissenter in a country which is at the same time the most libertarian of lands and the meanest scourge of dissent.
Haywood's enduring image as the epitome of the American