*C. Brinton, ed. The Age of Reason reader (New York, 1956), the fullest collection, divides the material by subjects rather than by writers; N. Torrey, ed. The Philosophes (New York, 1960); F. E.
Manuel, ed. The Enlightenment (New York, 1965); I. Berlin, ed. The Age of Enlightenment ( New York, 1951); and L. L. Snyder, ed.
The Age of Reason (New York, 1955).
D. C. Cabeen, ed. Critical bibliography of French literature Vol. IV The Eighteenth Century (Syracuse, 1951); P. Amann, ed. The Eighteenth Century Revolution (Boston, 1963); J. L. Talmon, Origins of totalitarian democracy (New York, 1960); K. Martin, French liberal thought in the 18th century (2nd ed. London, 1962), the best general introduction; G. R. Havens, The age of ideas (New York, 1955), an excellent popularization by a leading authority; C. Becker, The heavenly city of the 18th century philosophers (New Haven, 1932), a brilliant interpretation that, however, has been frequently challenged, cf. R. O. Rockwood, ed. Becker's heavenly city revisited (Ithaca, 1958); P. Smith, History of modern culture, Vol. II (New York 1934); J. H. Randall, The career of philosophy (2 vols., New York, 1962); J. H. Randall, Making of the modern mind (2nd ed. Boston, 1940), very condensed but a masterpiece; C. Brinton, Ideas and men (2nd ed. New York, 1963), an excellent survey by a leading authority ; F. J. C. Hearnshaw, ed. The social and political ideas of some____________________