Responses: On Paul de Man's Wartime Journalism

By Werner Hamacher; Neil Hertz et al. | Go to book overview

Paul de Man and the Collaborationist Press

ELS DE BENS

If an assessment of the role that Paul de Man played is to be founded on a scientific basis, one will have to give an outline of the Belgian press during the German occupation. In consequence, the present paper, which draws on the author's doctoral dissertation De Belgische dagbladpers onder Duitse censsur 1940-1944 (The Belgian daily press under German censorship 1940‐ 1944) (Antwerp, 1973, 564 pp.), will successively deal with the press regime imposed by the German occupiers, the way the censorship operated, the variety of Belgian papers, the varying degrees in which the different press organs collaborated with the Germans, and finally a detailed account will be given of the contribution that de Man made to two newspapers, Le Soir and Het Vlaamsche Land.


I.I The German institutions involved in the "Lenkung"
of the Belgian press

As soon as the Germans invaded Belgium, they sought to reorganize the news media as quickly as possible. Even before the capitulation of the Belgian army, two prewar newspapers received the Germans' backing to re-enter the market. Since Belgium had a military administration (Militärverwaltung or MV) until July 1944, the organization and control of the press was left to the Wehrmacht, not to the ss. Within the Militärverwaltung, it was the Propaganda Abteilung (PA) which controlled the media and the cultural sector.

Goebbels was very much displeased that the mass media in occupied Belgium came under the Wehrmacht instead of under the Promi (the usual name given to the Propagandaministerium), itself an abbreviation for Reichsministerium für Volksaufklärung und Propaganda). Still, Goebbels's people managed to interfere in various ways, so much so that the press system as a whole was increasingly influenced by Promi. Besides, the structure and the operation of the PA was copied from that of Promi. The directives given by Goebbels to the press in the form of his Tagesparole were passed on by the PA to the mass media. Promi also took in hand the restructuring of Belga, the prewar news agency. Towards the end of the occupation, Promi became increasingly obtrusive as the ss was extending its power at the expense of the Wehrmacht. Eventually, when Belgium came under civilian (i.e.ss) administration (the so-called Zivilverwaltung, July 1944), the Wehrmacht lost what power it had and the PA became an integral part of Promi.

It was not Goebbels alone who strove for a position of power within the PA: the Ministry for Foreign Affairs too felt that it should have a say in setting the media policy in occupied territories. Moreover, the Foreign Minister, von Ribbentrop,

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Note: primary sources have slightly different requirements for citation. Please see these guidelines for more information.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Responses: On Paul de Man's Wartime Journalism
Table of contents

Table of contents

Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
Items saved from this book
  • Bookmarks
  • Highlights & Notes
  • Citations
/ 477

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Search by... Author
    Show... All Results Primary Sources Peer-reviewed

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.