THE EVOLUTION OF this book has a relatively long and varied past, but comprehensive and personal reflection on the story would be most appreciated only by the author. Part of that story, however, involves certain associates and colleagues at various institutions who contributed in important ways that public acknowledgment is only fitting. Professor Donald J. Wolf, of Arizona State University, deserves credit for stimulating my inquiry into the subject matter of this book. That inquiry has benefited from the theoretical and philosophical critiques of Professors C. Fred Alford, Charles E. Butterworth, Richard P. Claude, Stephen L. Elkin, Joe A. Oppenhiemer, and Ronald J. Terchek, of the University of Maryland, College Park. In particular, Professor Butterworth yielded invaluable time and incisive discussion that contributed immensely to the sharpening of my own arguments.
In addition, Professors N. Anthony Battaglia, Leroy C. Hardy, Ronald J. Schmidt, Joanna Vecchiarelli Scott, Christian Soe, Barry H. Steiner, and Thomas P. Trombetas, of California State University, Long Beach, provided significant scholarly opportunities, research support, and intellectual encouragement. The University of Alabama, Huntsville, also provided important research support. And other scholars, both known and unknown, deserve mention for their patient reviews of this book and their helpful recommendations, including Professors Paul Lakeland, of Fairfield University, Virginia L. Muller, University of San Diego, and Neal Riemer, of Drew University.
Of course, it is proper that none of the individuals mentioned above be held responsible for errors nor claims made in this book.