Many persons and institutions have contributed to this project. I would like to thank the East-West Center and the Pacific Cultural Foundation, Republic of China, for funding the preliminary research in Asia and the subsequent writing.
I have been aided in the translation of the Mawangdui Huang-Lao manuscripts by Yang Youwei, Roger T. Ames, Angus Graham, and Russell McLeod, all of whom provided detailed, line by line commentary. In addition, I benefitted from the clarifying responses of Qiu Xigui and Zhu Dexi to several of my questions.
Roger Ames, Carine Defoort, Angus Graham, Kenneth Kipnis, Victor Hao Li, Steve Odin, Graham Parkes, and James Sellmann all made valuable suggestions for improving the content, organization and style of this work. For this I am most thankful. I would also like to thank Tim Engstrom for opening up the world of pragmatism and contemporary Continental thought, and Henry Skaja for pointing out and elucidating the relevance of Peirce for my interpretation of classical Daoism. In addition, I have made use of the philosophical, jurisprudential, and sinological efforts of others too numerous to mention here. Their appearance in the bibliography and notes marks my gratitude.
Without the support of all the preceding, the quality of this work would have been considerably lessened. I owe a special debt of gratitude, however, to Professors Yang Youwei and Roger T. Ames. Both have transmitted much more than the ancient grammar and arcane ideas of a distant civilization. In embodying the living tradition of classical Chinese thought, each in his own way exemplifies a world-view compelling in the quality of life it makes possible. My life has been enriched through knowing them.
Parts of this book were published in various journals. Passages from chapters II and III are from " Natural Law in the Huang-Lao Boshu," Philosophy East and West40, no. 3 ( 1990). Much of Chapter IV is drawn from " Confucian Justice: Achieving a Humane Society," International Philosophical Quarterly 30, no. 1 ( 1990). Passages from "Beyond Naturalism: A Reconstruction of Daoist Environmental Ethics" ( Environmental Ethics 13, 1 [ 1991])