WRITING a book and seeing it through publication is a humbling experience, for it is only then that the author fully realizes how indebted she is to others for their expertise, assistance, and moral support. This has been just such an experience and the thanks are many.
My indebtedness begins with the original committee that oversaw the writing of my doctoral dissertation at the State University of New York at Buffalo. In the acknowledgment to that manuscript, I expressed my appreciation to Selig Adler, Milton Plesur, and David Gerber for their guidance, advice, and support. As the present study began with that original work, I thank them again. In the intervening years, the committee chairman, Professor Adler, passed away. With him went an invaluable source of inspiration and encouragement. Both his red pen and his kind words have been sorely missed.
Since that time, many more friends, colleagues, and committed professionals have lent their assistance to this project. I appreciate all of the assistance I have received from the numerous librarians, archivists, curators, and support staff who have made seemingly impossible tasks seem routine. Among their number are those who serve at Lockwood Library, State University of New York at Buffalo; the New York State Library and Archives; the Buffalo and Erie County Historical Society Library; the libraries at the University of Rochester and Syracuse University; the Rochester Public Library; and the Corning Public Library. Special thanks go to David Klaassen, curator of the Social Welfare History Archives Center, University of Minnesota, for his genuine interest in finding the most elusive records and the personal attention he gave this project; to