This book is the second part of a research programme ‘Migration, Population and Poverty’, primarily financed by the Swedish Council for Social Research (SFR – Socialvetenskapliga Forskningsrådet), a programme that has also received financial grants from the Norwegian Research Council (NFR – Norges Forskningsråd). The initiative came from the editors of this book, Grete Brochmann and Tomas Hammar, together with one of the contributing authors, Kristof Tamas. The research programme has been based at the Stockholm University Centre for Research in International Migration and Ethnic Relations (Ceifo).
The first part of the programme resulted in a book ‘International Migration, Immobility and Development, Multidisciplinary Perspectives’, which was published by Berg (Oxford) in 1997, edited by Tomas Hammar, Grete Brochmann, Kristof Tamas, and Thomas Faist. The approach is primarily theoretical and multidisciplinary, and several questions, basic in research about international migration, are raised, such as: ‘why do people not migrate?’ ‘does migration from less developed countries stimulate or obstruct development?’ ‘what are the dynamics of a migration process?’ – Experts from geography, economics, political science, sociology and social anthropology contributed to the analysis.
In this second book from the programme, attention is turned from the emigration countries of the South and the East to the immigration countries of the North. The theme is immigration control and the mechanisms by which European immigration policies have been shaped and practised during the 1980s and 1990s, a period of increasingly tight restrictions against immigration from the outside world but also of gradually closer cooperation within the European Union. In this book eight European countries are analysed and compared by a qualified team of social scientists (from the fields of geography, economics, political science and sociology), specializing in international migration.
This second project has also received most of its financial support from the Swedish Council for Social Research (SFR). The Norwegian research Council (NFR) has also made valuable funding available. The Institute for Social Research (ISF) in Oslo has supported the project by entering a