The Welfare State Approach is
In Chapters 5 and 6 the evolution of the Canadian welfare state, taking professional and social services over from an individualistic private enterprise
organization to form a collectivist financial redistributive organization, was
described. When these new redistributive programs had been legislated and
implemented by the late 1960s, some Canadians started to ask questions
about their validity.
Canadian Questions on Redistribution of Resources
Before going on to further discussions of the welfare state/society it may be
useful to summarize these questions again:
|1. ||How far should Canada go in developing minimum income policies?|
In the early 1970s there began to be a backing off from expanding social
welfare schemes (e.g., Canada 1973c), and critical discussions were held about
the importance of developing more restrictive minimum income policies.
(Seward and Iacobacci 1987; Johnson 1975).
|2. ||Should Canada continue to promote public housing policies?|
In the mid 1970s there was a major shift in housing policies away from
the emphasis on providing subsidized public housing to encouraging investment in housing as an economic policy (Hallendy 1986).
|3. ||Should the federal government develop other publicly financed health