Epic and Chronicle: The Poema de Mio Cid and the Craonica de Veinte Reyes

By Brian Powell | Go to book overview

NOTES AND REFERENCES

CHAPTER 1
1.
The most important corpus of work on the PMC is that of Ramón Menéndez Pidal, whose publications on this field stretch from the beginning of this century to the middle sixties. The major work on the PMC is Pidal, Cantar de mio Cid: texto, gramática y vocabulario, fourth edition, 3 vols (Madrid, 1964-69), the first edition of which was published in 1908-11, and the second, with additions, in 1944-46. References to Pidal's many other works will appear throughout the footnotes, but some of his more significant articles for his view of the PMC are collected in Pidal, En torno al Poema del Cid (Barcelona, 1963). For a detailed historical account of scholarship on the PMC, although its conclusions tend to agree too automatically with those of Pidal, see Miguel Magnotta, Historia y bibliografía de la crítica sobre el PMC (1750-1971) (Chapel Hill, 1976). For a more perceptive survey of the modern period, see A. D. Deyermond, 'Tendencies in "Mio Cid" Scholarship, 1943-73', in 'Mio Cid' Studies, edited by A. D. Deyermond (London, 1977), pp. 13-47.
2.
The manuscript is in the Biblioteca Nacional (hereafter BN), Madrid, BN Va. 7-17. For a description of the manuscript, see Pidal, CMC, I, 1-18. For the current condition of the manuscript, see Ian Michael, PMC (M., 1976), pp. 52-56. It is probable that one folio is missing at each of the three points where the manuscript is deficient.
3.
PMC, 1. 3373. Quotations from the poem are based on the palaeographic edition by Pidal, CMC, III, 909-1016. Future references will be given in the text where possible, and will cite the line numbers of the edition only. Pidal's critical edition, CMC, III, 1017-164, is still widely used, but has been superseded by those of Colin Smith, PMC (Oxford, 1972), translated by Abel Martínez-Loza (M., 1977), and Ian Michael, PMC.
4.
In the last century, for example, José Amador de los Ríos described the Cid as representing 'el carácter nacional personificado ... y reconcentrado', Historia crítica de la literatura española, 4 vols (M., 1861-65; reprinted M., 1969), III, 203. Pidal, too, saw symbolic significance in the person of the Cid, as he made clear in his historical study La España del Cid, 2 vols, seventh edition (M., 1969; first edition M., 1929), especially I, vii-x.
5.
For the stories of the Cid before the composition of the PMC, see section II of this chapter. For the developments in the chronicles of the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries, see Chapter 2. Later uses of the legends of the Cid are described in: Pidal, La epopeya castellana a través de la literatura española (Buenos Aires, 1945), pp. 209-39; Smith, PMC, pp. lxxvii-lxxxi; Michael, PMC, pp. 15-17. 6. Jules Horrent, 'Tradition poétique du CMC au XIIe siècle', Cahiers de Civilisation Médiévale, 7 (1964), 451-77 (p. 464); Smith, PMC, pp. xix-xxii. Other studies which doubt the historical accuracy of the PMC include: W. Kienast, 'Zur Geschichte des Cid', Deutsches Archiv für Geschichte des Mittelalters, 3 (1939), 57-114; E. Lévi-Provençal, 'Le Cid de l'histoire', Revue Historique, 180 (1937), 58-74, and 'La toma de Valencia por el Cid', Al-Andalus, 13 (1948), 97-156; Leo Spitzer, 'Sobre el carácter histórico del CMC', NRFH, 2 (1948), 105-17; and, more recently, in Spain, A. Ubieto Arteta, El 'CMC' y algunos problemas históricos (Valencia, 1973). It should not be inferred that Pidal was not aware of the artistic nature of the PMC: he was aware of it, but argued that art and history went hand in hand in the poem. See, for example, Pidal's reply to Spitzer: 'Poesía e historia en el Mio Cid', NRFH, 3 (1949), 113-29.
7.
The two texts whose historical value has inevitably to be considered are the Carmen Campidoctoris and the Historia Roderici. Both have the Cid as their protagonist, and both were considered to be historically reliable by Pidal. See sections II, A and II, B, below.
8.
Andrés Bello, Obras completas, Volume II, Poema del Cid (Santiago de Chile, 1881), p. 15; D. G. Pattison, 'The Date of the CMC: a Linguistic Approach', MLR, 62 (1967), 443-50. It has also been argued that old linguistic forms in the poem may occur because of the nature of the poetry itself, which may have resulted in the preservation of archaisms; see Michael. PMC, pp. 23, 56. The deductions which Pidal made from textual references are not difficult to refute; see A. Ubieto Arteta, 'Observaciones al CMC', Arbor, 37 (1957), 145-70;

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this book

This book has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this book

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Epic and Chronicle: The Poema de Mio Cid and the Craonica de Veinte Reyes
Table of contents

Table of contents

Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
/ 204

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.